If you are a cyclist you probably know that power is the ultimate Holy Grail. The more power that can be generated the greater speed that can be generated and the greater the distances that can be traveled. As such, there is nothing more critical to improving speed and performance than increasing bike power.
What is the Average Power of a Cyclist
The power that can be produced by a cyclist will usually vary depending on the weight, age, experience, and terrain among different other factors. Overall, the fitter riders or competitive cyclists will usually produce more power as compared to beginners or amateur cyclists.
Overall the beginner cyclist will attain average power output of between 75-100 watts 0ver an hour, while a fit amateur cyclist can hit at least 100 watts of power. Professional cyclists such as those at the Tour de France have been known to get as high as 400 watts of power.
What is Watts in Cycling
Watts in cycling is the measurement of power and represents the energy output over time. When cycling it refers to how much energy a cyclist produces to propel the bike forward. At any given point in time, it is the snapshot of the work being put into the bike during a ride.
Measuring power makes it possible to characterize the practice course, monitor training, assist in pacing and assess the aerodynamic drag and sleekness of the ride.
Understanding Power to Weight Ratios
Power to weight ratio refers to how much power a cyclist can generate in line with their body weight. In layman’s terms, the PWR measures how much power a cyclist can produce compared to their body weight. This measure is usually expressed as Weight per kg which is the power that can be produced per every kilo of rider weight.
Overall smaller cyclists tend to be less powerful as compared to heavier riders even though larger riders require more power to propel themselves and their bikes forward, particularly on steep inclines.
When trying to determine a cyclist’s advantage over another over a given terrain the power-to-weight ratio can be particularly critical in predicting the edge one rider has over another. The PWR can also be used to show riders with similar performance levels.
How is Cyclist Power Calculated
Generally speaking power is calculated by multiplying force by the velocity at which the rider is cycling. In the instance of cycling power (wattage) is equal to gear (force) multiplied by velocity (revolutions per minute).
Cyclist Power = Force ✕ Velocity
According to this equation, power is not a reflection of either the RPM or gear by itself. An increase in both force and velocity will usually result in a higher intensity as compared to an increase in just one of these aspects.
What Power do Pro Cyclists Produce
During a relatively flat section of the Tour de France or the Olympics, professional produce between 230-250 watts of power over an hour. However, professional cyclists can top 300 watts over an hour of riding on the more taxing sections of the tour.
Taking into account the number of pro cyclists such as Tadej Pogacar, the average professional cyclist can top a Functional Threshold Power of greater than 400 watts. However, elite athletes such as Chris Froome have been known to ride at power greater than 500 watts.
On flat terrain and in the penultimate sprint stages of the Tour de France, sprinters have been known to top 1500 watts over the last few hundred meters before crossing the finishing line.
Cycling Power Output by Age
Just like with cycling speed, the average cycling power output is significantly impacted by age. The reason for this is that as a cyclist ages, their cycling performance will decrease thus reducing how much power they can produce to propel their bike forward. It is for this reason that the average age of a professional cyclist is 27.7 years.
Functional Threshold Power By Age
|Age||Functional Threshold Power|
|18 – 20||120w|
|20 – 25||150w|
|25 – 30||180w|
|30 – 35||200w|
|35 – 40||180w|
|40 – 45||160w|
|45 – 50||120w|
|50 – 55||100w|
|55 – 60||90w|
How to Increase Cycling Power
Since cycling power is one of the most fundamental components for increased performance, it is important for every cyclist to work hard to improve how much power they can produce.
The following are some things to do to improve your power:
- Ride in Bigger Gears
Riding in Bigger gears while keeping the same cadence as before results in higher power output over time. You can usually apply this by riding longer in a higher gear than you would normally which over time will develop your endurance thus increasing how much power you can generate.
- Ride Uphill to Develop Muscular Endurance
One of the best ways of improving muscular endurance is to ride uphill at a moderate cadence at a relatively large gear for an extended period. You can also achieve the same results by doing high-intensity Interval sprints over progressively steeper hills for the same effect. The reason for this is that cyclists will have to push harder on the pedals while riding uphill which will boost power output over time.
- Ride Into Headwinds
If you happen to live in flat areas, you can still develop cyclist power by riding into headwinds. You can take advantage of windy days by riding rectangular circuits for several miles so that you can have consistent periods of crosswinds, tailwinds, and headwinds. You can increase the effectiveness of this by pedaling in a moderately large gear into headwinds and using the crosswinds and tailwind riding periods to recover.
- Boost Cycling Power Using Block Training
This is all about doing very hard workouts for two to three consecutive days followed by days of easy workouts or days off. Given that it places a severe stress on the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems, block training is one of the most effective ways of boosting cycling power and facilitating physiological adaptation. This can be very effective as long as one ensures they have enough time to recover following the training block.
- Follow the 75% Rule of Cycling
According to the 75% Rule, one should train for at least 75% of their mileage or time at below 75% of their maximum heart rate. This means that the cyclist should be doing at least three-quarters of their weekly training at between 50-70 percent of maximum heart rate and 65-85 percent of lactate threshold and no more than 75% of functional threshold power. As such, most of your exercise should consist of easy endurance building and recovery rides.